Harikesh Muni. Uttaradhyan Sutra 12th Chapter

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Harikesh bala was born in the family of Chandalas. He becomes a monk & as a sage, he possessed the highest virtues & subdued senses, he observed 5 samitis & 3 guptis. Once on his begging tour (gouchari), he approached an encloser of Brahmanical sacrifice .When the Brahmins saw the monk who was in miserable condition & with the poorest outfit (due his austerity & penances) they laughed at him and scorned him. The Brahmins were proud of their birth   & they sacrificed animals. They ridiculed the monk, by saying,” who are you?  You monster! dirty man go get away” at this turn an Yaksha (vanvyanter god-angel) had compassion for this great sage & making his own body  invisible  spoke the following words  “I am chaste shramana, having no property  and  do not cook my food, I have  come here for  the  food which is made for somebody  else, you give away or eat or consume plenty of food,  I subsist  by  begging , please give  me what is left off the rest. The Brahmans said food is only meant for the Brahmins. Then Harikesh Muni spoke,” you do not understand the meaning of a Brahman, though you have learnt Vedas” at this, they got angry -with sticks and canes they beat him up severely, at that time there, king Kaushalikas daughter Bhadra, told the angry youngsters, that he is the very man to whom the king offered me as a wife, but he has refused. He is a great ascetic with a noble nature. He is a man of great fame and might of awful piety and power please do not injure him. When the yakshas heard this, well spoken words, they came to the assistance of the sage, by appearing in air with hideous shapes .The Brahmans started bleeding blood, they were terrified and begged for forgiveness.  Harikesh Muni spoke “I have not the least hatred in me, neither now, before, nor in future. The yakshas attend upon me therefore have come to my rescue. The Brahman offered the noble monk food and drink. Harikesh Muni accepted them, has he was fasting since a whole month. The gods in heaven also celebrated with great pomp and show.

Then Harikesh Muni asked the Brahman thus –“Why do you tend the fire and seek external purity by water? You use Kush grass sacrificial poles straws and wood. You use water in the morning and evening and there by injure living beings? “The Brahmans asked how should we sacrifice and yet avoid sinful action. Please declare to us the right method of sacrificing, Harikesh spoke thus, doing no injury to living beings of six classes, abstaining from lying and taking away what is not freely given, renouncing properly pride and deceit- one should live under self restraint, – the one who is well protected by five samitis and three guptis, not attached, who abandons his body who does not care for his body wins the great victory over the best of offerings. The Brahmans asked where our fire place is. Our sacrificial ladle what about the dried cow dung? (Used as fuel) without these what kind of priest can a monk be? What oblations do you offer to the fire? Harikesh Muni spoke thus, penance is my fire , life my fire place , me exertion is my sacrificial ladle, the body, the dried  cow dung, Karman  is my fuel, self restraint,  exertion  and tranquility are the oblations. These which are praised by the sages, are, which I offer.” Brahmans asked further “where is our pond? Where is your holy bathing place? How do make your oblations and get rid of impurities – please tell us O restrained monk! We have decided to learn it from you.” Harikesh muni answered thus – The law of Nirgranth is my pond, celibacy my holy bathing place, there I make my ablutions, pure clean and thoroughly cooled, I get rid of hatred (impurity) the one who does this obtains the highest place (liberation).

Moral:- Any kind of sacrifice where there is injury to six classes of living beings (chh kay jeev ) is  Adharma.

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